02392 732047

Plaque and periodontal diseasese.

what you should know and what you can do

This leaflet explains how you and your dentist or hygienist can work together to help prevent plaque and periodontal diseases.

what is a tooth?

ToothTeeth consist of a crown and root, which are formed by three elements; enamel, dentine, and pulp.

  • Enamel covers the crown and is the hardest tissue in the body   
  • Dentine is the major part of the tooth   
  • Pulp contains nerves and blood vessels


How are teeth attached to the jaws?
Each tooth has a root which is embedded in the jaw bone. The root is anchored to the bone by many tiny fibres.
The jaw bone is covered by soft gum tissue, which acts like a cuff around the neck of the tooth.

What is plaque?

The mouth contains millions of bacteria; they stick to the surface of your teeth and quickly multiply to form plaque.
Plaque is a film of bacteria which forms on the tooth surface.

Plaque is responsible for the two most common oral diseases; tooth decay and gum disease.

what are the early signs of periodontal diseases?

Periodontal disease can often go unnoticed until it is quite  advanced. However, most people will notice signs like red, swollen gums; bleeding gums and bad breath.

A classic sign of gingivitis is when gums bleed during brushing and this is often the first indication of periodontal disease people notice.

Copyright © 2022 Portsmouth Emergency Dentist, Southsea, Milton, Copnor, Buckland, North End, Fareham, Havant, Chichester, Petersfield. All Rights Reserved.
Joomla! is Free Software released under the GNU General Public License.

GDC websiteSite last updated:

May 2022 


⭐️Please Note ⭐️


🌈During the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic we at MediKa Dental are here for you🌈

🚨 If you have a dental emergency that can wait until the next working day please email our team through our website.

🚨If your dental emergency can NOT wait until the next working day please dial 111.

⭐️New Patients can join our practice as Denplan OR Private patients.

⭐️If you are a New Patient seeking NHS treatment please contact 111 OR visit the NHS Choices website to find out more.

⭐️Please note that the phones are incredibly busy during the ongoing COVID 19 pandemic and responding to your call may be delayed.

⭐️Should you choose to leave a voicemail, we would ask that you bear with our team whilst they endeavour to attend to a large number of calls during our opening hours.

⭐️Please note that our practice is closed during the bank holidays and weekends.

⭐️For more information including our opening hours and free access for all to advice on how to manage tooth pain at home please visit our website.

🙏Stay well & safe🙏

💫Team @ MediKa Dental 💫